Flat feet are often referred to as “fallen arches”, and is a common condition seen in both children and adults. The arch of the foot is formed by a group of tendons and ligaments attached to the heel and foot bones.
Tendons in the lower leg and foot must work in conjunction, pulling at the correct times during standing and walking.
This aids in forming the arch of the foot. If the tendons do not pull sufficiently enough, or the ligaments of the foot are lax, the foot may be left with a very low arch, or no arch at all.
Orthotic insoles may be recommended to control the discomfort that often accompanies flat feet.